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poormanmechanic
User

Dec 19, 2014, 6:08 PM

Post #1 of 30 (1839 views)
post icon Fuel Problems Sign In

I have a 1992 ford ranger 3.0l v6 5 speed. today i ran out of gas and when i got gas back in the truck it would not start, it would crank and try to start but still wouldn start, sounds like a fuel problem, i sprayed gas in my breather hose to try to get it to star and still nothing. so i checked my fuel pump relay,( in the fuse box under the hood, its just a big maxi fuse, super large but looks like a normal fuse) so i swapped my fuel relay fuse with another 30 amp fuse and it fired right up. it just dont make any sense because if the fuel relay fuse was bad i would figure my truck still wouldn start because i swapped the fuel relay fuse with the e.e.c fuse. the truck runs now but idles really high when you start it and ocassionally when you let off the gas it sticks and you continue tto move. and still occasionally will crank and try to start but just wont fire up it doesnt make sense any ideals would be greatly appreciated.


(This post was edited by poormanmechanic on Dec 19, 2014, 6:28 PM)


Discretesignals
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Dec 19, 2014, 7:09 PM

Post #2 of 30 (1818 views)
Re: Fuel Problems Sign In

Have you connected a fuel pressure gauge up to see what the fuel pressure is when the engine doesn't want to start? If so, what is the fuel pressure when the engine doesn't want to start?





Since we volunteer our time and knowledge, we ask for you to please follow up when a problem is resolved.


poormanmechanic
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Dec 19, 2014, 7:13 PM

Post #3 of 30 (1815 views)
Re: Fuel Problems Sign In

no i have not,before i swapped the fuses for the fuel relay and the e.e.c when i would press on the fuel preassure hookup it hardly had any preasure to it then after i swapped them i did it and it sprayed gas alot( which i would figure meant it had ALOT more preassure), tommorrow when o rileys opens i will rent a fuel preassure test kit and check the preassure, what were you thinkin could be wrong if it doesnt have the right amount of preassure? thank you for the qucik response i really appreciate it


Discretesignals
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Dec 19, 2014, 7:23 PM

Post #4 of 30 (1812 views)
Re: Fuel Problems Sign In

Ford did have issues with their EEC IV fuel pump and EEC relays back then. If you think you have a relay issue, they are not too expensive to replace. If you do confirm you have no or low fuel pressure during the no start, you need to confirm if the pump has good power and ground. You would have to test at the pump connector itself. Using a volt meter back probed into the electrical connector, you should see between 10-12 volts on the pink/black wire and less than 0.5 volts on the black wire while cranking the engine during the no start. Fuel pressure should be around 30-45 psi.

Another thing to be careful of is that the EEC relays on some may have a diode built in to suppress voltage kick backs into the engine controller. The fuel pump relays had no suppression, so swapping them could cause problems.





Since we volunteer our time and knowledge, we ask for you to please follow up when a problem is resolved.

(This post was edited by Discretesignals on Dec 19, 2014, 7:24 PM)


poormanmechanic
User

Dec 19, 2014, 7:34 PM

Post #5 of 30 (1809 views)
Re: Fuel Problems Sign In

The relays(maxi fuse) were both 30 amp fuses and appeared to be the same bu i will find out for sure so that i do not cause more problems then what i already have. and what exactly do you mean by back probed into the elcectrical connector, sorry i dont know muchh about electrician things, i bought one 30 amp maxi fuse earlier but was waiting unill tommorrow to put it in because it was dark out. what does not make sense to me is how i switched the "fuel relay" with the "e.e.c relay" and it caused the truck to start. i would figure if the fuel relay was bad and i put the e.e.c relay in the fuel relays port and the fuel relay into the e.e.c port that the truck would still not start because of the bad fuse i put into the e.e.c port, but neither of the relay fuses were broken or burnt but both had slight cracks in the plastic around the fuse


Discretesignals
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Dec 19, 2014, 7:56 PM

Post #6 of 30 (1804 views)
Re: Fuel Problems Sign In

Fuses and relay are two different things. I don't know why swapping fuses made is start unless it was a coincidence. Both relays will work for either circuit if swapped, but like I mentioned the EEC relay may have a diode built in to protect the ECA from spikes.

When you are testing circuits you really want to test them when they are active. If you disconnect a circuit's connector, the circuit becomes open and testing open circuits can lead you down the yellow brick road if you have resistance problems in a circuit. Back probing allows you to make voltage measurements without disabling the circuit. Basically you are probing the rear of a connector using a pin or other method, so you have something to connect your volt meter lead to without poking a bunch of holes in wiring. You always want to have your meter connected to the battery negative if possible. If you can't, for some reason, reach the battery negative, you must find a good ground. It is imparitive the meter has a good ground reference or your measurement will be inaccurate.

You really only would want to make voltage measurements when you find you have low or no fuel pressure, so take each thing one step at a time and we'll try to walk you through it.

back probing an electrical connector






Since we volunteer our time and knowledge, we ask for you to please follow up when a problem is resolved.

(This post was edited by Discretesignals on Dec 19, 2014, 8:03 PM)


poormanmechanic
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Dec 19, 2014, 8:04 PM

Post #7 of 30 (1795 views)
Re: Fuel Problems Sign In

okay one step at a time is how ill go sorry i get ahead of myself at times. and yes i know , they were fuses but on he fuse box cover under the hood it says fuel relay, yet is a big green maxi fuse in itts place , makes no sense to me


Discretesignals
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Dec 19, 2014, 8:07 PM

Post #8 of 30 (1794 views)
Re: Fuel Problems Sign In

Ford fuse box confusion...LOL Don't worry. Your not the only one to be confused by Ford's fuse box fuse numbering system. Let us know what you find out about the fuel pressure when it doesn't want to start up for you.





Since we volunteer our time and knowledge, we ask for you to please follow up when a problem is resolved.

(This post was edited by Discretesignals on Dec 19, 2014, 8:08 PM)


poormanmechanic
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Dec 19, 2014, 8:14 PM

Post #9 of 30 (1791 views)
Re: Fuel Problems Sign In

i will, thank you very much for your time!


poormanmechanic
User

Dec 20, 2014, 7:42 AM

Post #10 of 30 (1774 views)
Re: Fuel Problems Sign In

When i start my truck it revs up really high like it would after sprayin ether down the breather hose ,then it idles back down, it does this every time i start it now. and it even idles high when you coast down the road or push the cluthch in, not as bad as it does when you start it but still higher then it should, do you have any ideas? and it has not not wanted to start yet today but when it does i will test the fuel preassure.


Discretesignals
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Dec 20, 2014, 8:36 AM

Post #11 of 30 (1770 views)
Re: Fuel Problems Sign In

Is the check engine light on? A malfunctioning TPS or ECT sensor could cause a higher than normal idle. You can measure the voltages from these sensors to see what kind of input the ECA may be seeing. The TPS voltage at idle should be around .5-1.0 volt. The voltage on the ECT circuit varies depending on engine coolant temperature.

If the PCM sees a higher than normal TPS voltage at idle, it will think you are pressing on the accelerator and will increase pulse width making the engine rev. If the ECT is telling the engine that the coolant temperature is really cold all the time, the computer is going to increase idle speed and add more fuel.

One other thing that could cause high idle speeds is a power steering pressure switch that is stuck closed all the time. The ECA monitors the pressure switch to increase idle speed when the power steering system is under load.

Vacuum leaks can cause a higher than normal idle. They also might cause surging at idle and the check engine light to come on for O2 sensor codes.





Since we volunteer our time and knowledge, we ask for you to please follow up when a problem is resolved.


Tom Greenleaf
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Dec 20, 2014, 10:03 AM

Post #12 of 30 (1766 views)
Re: Fuel Problems Sign In

Just comment to clarify: It hasn't started at all today? Does that mean NO reaction from ether? I'm not so sure using a breather is enough for that but rather right into throttle body. It wouldn't need a fuel system at all to react if it had spark.


The fast idle for Fords (others too) when totally cold for a time exposed to about 40F do have high idle for a few seconds or more but not much more than 30 seconds until you get nasty cold would be normal mixed into diagnosing this.


It should quit that higher idle as said if it's running and driving pretty quickly so still something else involved as DS has mentioned. My point is possible part normal in the mix of the behavior. No reaction I would see if it even has spark now as well. Just comments and observations of what's been posted,


T



poormanmechanic
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Dec 21, 2014, 1:57 PM

Post #13 of 30 (1743 views)
Re: Fuel Problems Sign In

no i meant i had not had any problems starting it that day. just earlier i started it and it died right out. usually after the short high idle it idles down really low lower then normal. i have had the truck for three years and it didnt start this high idle until i ran it dead on gas and it did not want to start back up after that. and at times it seems as if the truck wants to accel on its own not very quickly or for long but its still does it. i have lubed allthe springs on my throttle body and it still trys to accel on its own at times.and it still does not make sense as to why it randomly dies out because it is not very cold at all wear im at


Tom Greenleaf
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Dec 21, 2014, 2:29 PM

Post #14 of 30 (1739 views)
Re: Fuel Problems Sign In

OK - Let me try to focus in some more. Re-read post #11 by DS = Discretesignals for some tests most people could do.


Other is this seems to have bee fine till running OUT of fuel then this behavior. Just that comment means fuel pump was struggling for more fuel and they can be harmed by that so knowing it has proper fuel pressure WHEN you experience this counts in the diagnosis.


It's plenty old enough for surprises too so rule out as much common stuff as you can like vacuum leaks ever common and mess things up.


Lazy right now but you can get code readings without tools off of this but I have the stupid thing which really just counts CEL blinks and gives some direction especially if CEL stay lit. No so sure they will remember long if a fault was detected and light is not on now. It also must work on many (not sure on this vehicle) which will light if you just turn key to "run" and not start it as a bulb check.


Know that any codes are a direction to a circuit not telling you to replace any certain item, even this old.


Sorry if a repeat but you should be concentrating on fuel pressure and vacuum leaks anywhere vacuum would be. Base of throttle body, intakes to head(s) all rubber hoses and the items they run to. If rubber elbows anywhere are in trouble they might fully break in you hands and so on.


Some of this stuff lasts much longer than this is some doesn't and some get swollen with oil and don't work properly and even fall off?


Any info on what you find helps. Those just mentioned nice to rule in or out first,


T



poormanmechanic
User

Dec 22, 2014, 3:09 PM

Post #15 of 30 (1716 views)
Re: Fuel Problems Sign In

no vaccume leaks any where, ill have to wait till payday to test the fuel pressaure, could havin sucked drugs into my fuel filter be causing the super high idle and it wanting to accel at times on it own, ? i wouldn figure so but maybe itd do some good to replace my fuel filter and run some fuel treatment through


(This post was edited by poormanmechanic on Dec 22, 2014, 3:15 PM)


Tom Greenleaf
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Dec 22, 2014, 3:47 PM

Post #16 of 30 (1711 views)
Re: Fuel Problems Sign In

Thought on this: How are you so sure of no vacuum leak? You aren't - trust me. It's plenty old enough unless you assertively went thru about all possible areas or was done along the way.


Unmetered air will cause idle to rise or the info vacuum send along to assorted things are telling it wrong info and it adjusts to that. Load on engine is lower vacuum and items adjust as if you are driving uphill or just accelerating harder when you aren't doing anything which confuses it.


Vacuum isn't just hoses it's all gaskets to where intake seals as well.


Fuel filter? I can't think of how a plugged one could raise idle but rather loss of power or not run if that bad.


Fuel pressure: Plain call for free rentals in your area. Autozone varies and like places as to what they will rent free for 100% deposits.


Sorry if a repeat but have you cleaned up throttle body and IAC yet? Can't remember (sorry) on a 3.0 of the vintage if that bolts on to clean or built in another way. They used to fail more to stalling than high idle when an issue though.


Idle may also go up with high pressure on power steering or air conditioning and either could be not sending correct signals. Unplug A/C or should be a square relay and rule that out and see if high pressure PS line has a wired thing in line to it at all as that's what that would be for.


Back to checking vacuum leaks: Carb cleaner on a leak while running should raise or lower RPM if one is found. There are a few ways to test for leaks that's just one. Water sprayed. Wiggle lines. Brake booster of all things may even work fine but leak a little. Always be careful with checking spraying around a warmed up engine and ready for adverse reactions including a fire which should go right out unless you go nuts with a flammable.


Back: It's because it ran OUT of fuel that it's on a suspect list for something erratic IMO.


If I find it I post how to get codes without the silly plug in tool which was dirt cheap and just counted blinks then look up the corresponding #. Not so sure it will be a ton of help unless your CEL is always on or on intermittently and vague info for 92 also IMO.


Out of the blue does cable to throttle body fully pull back to base idle? Could be something that silly and missed?


Keep at it, it will be found,


T



poormanmechanic
User

Dec 22, 2014, 4:16 PM

Post #17 of 30 (1706 views)
Re: Fuel Problems Sign In

the easiest way for me to test my ECT sensor to see if its good or bad would be a volt meter correct? cause from what i understand if the ECT sensor is constantly sending cold signals it will make the truck run richer which could be why im havin the high idle and the random accel on its own, i have looked all over for vaccume leaks and my tps is working properly so i figure check the ECT and slowly rule everything out


(This post was edited by poormanmechanic on Dec 22, 2014, 4:17 PM)


Hammer Time
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Dec 22, 2014, 5:21 PM

Post #18 of 30 (1701 views)
Re: Fuel Problems Sign In


Quote
could havin sucked drugs into my fuel filter be causing the super high idle and it wanting to accel at times on it own,


Did somebody hide their stash in the gas tank?



~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

We offer help in answering questions, clarifying things or giving advice but we are not a substitute for an on-site inspection by a professional.



(This post was edited by Hammer Time on Dec 22, 2014, 5:39 PM)


Discretesignals
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Dec 22, 2014, 5:35 PM

Post #19 of 30 (1699 views)
Re: Fuel Problems Sign In

Correct, you can check the ECT sensor signal using a volt meter. You really need to read up on ford thermistors, so you understand the function. You also need to know at which temperature the voltage should be.

Have you asked your local parts store if they have a tool loaner program. Autozone loans out tools such as fuel pressure gauges I believe. That would save you some money.

Here is a voltage/temperature chart:


Your volt meter black lead has to be connect to battery negative and the red lead back probed into the ECT's connector on the light green/red wire. Also inspect the ECT connector terminals and pins. I've seen them corrode (turn green) and cause issues.





Since we volunteer our time and knowledge, we ask for you to please follow up when a problem is resolved.


poormanmechanic
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Dec 22, 2014, 7:34 PM

Post #20 of 30 (1690 views)
Re: Fuel Problems Sign In

i have been readin all nightt about my ect sensor and from what i understand if the sensore is only reading cold and not warming up like it should( also my temperature gauge never gets into the "normal" zone it stays on cold or damn close to it ) then it will cause the truck to run richer which would seem to make sense with how my truck is acting


Hammer Time
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Dec 22, 2014, 7:45 PM

Post #21 of 30 (1689 views)
Re: Fuel Problems Sign In

There's a lot easier way to check it if you have a scan tool that reads data. Simply look at the data before the engine is run and the IAT and ECT should read the same temp.



~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

We offer help in answering questions, clarifying things or giving advice but we are not a substitute for an on-site inspection by a professional.



Tom Greenleaf
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Dec 23, 2014, 1:20 AM

Post #22 of 30 (1674 views)
Re: Fuel Problems Sign In

poormanmechanic
I suspect you are having a tough time having tools or equipment but the battle isn't lost. ECT, engine coolant temp sensors are rare to fail for me.


If you have a plain volt/ohm meter and not much more from cold to warm it should read differently and IMO that's enough that it alone works not "partially" working. In short, it's correct or totally wrong all the time.


Someone correct me if wrong ---- won't this default to thinking it's totally warmed up if you just unplugged it?


Tools and such: There's no great time to need crap you don't have and the costs never mind the rat race at any store about now.


Analog volt/ohm meter. $10ish just seen at Walmart or any similar type chain stores with an auto dept or even trailer and battery crap. Lower at a Harbor Frieght as in FRIEGHT! Smile.


Again - rentals from parts outlets. Plain phone calls and check place by place. Web suks and won't know if one does or doesn't or it's already out that fast or at all.


Do gather as much "stuff" as you can today if possible or this may drag on due to lack of help, parts, tools for a little while,


T



Hammer Time
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Dec 23, 2014, 3:00 AM

Post #23 of 30 (1668 views)
Re: Fuel Problems Sign In


Quote
Someone correct me if wrong ---- won't this default to thinking it's totally warmed up if you just unplugged it?


No, it will default to -40 degrees in most cars.



~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

We offer help in answering questions, clarifying things or giving advice but we are not a substitute for an on-site inspection by a professional.



poormanmechanic
User

Dec 25, 2014, 1:11 PM

Post #24 of 30 (1628 views)
Re: Fuel Problems Sign In

my fuel pump continues to run even when key is turned off and then other times it wont turn off at all , i cant seem to find an actuall relay for the fuel pump, only thing i can find is in the fuse box under the hood it says fuel relay but its just a big maxi fuse not an actuall relay ?


Tom Greenleaf
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Dec 25, 2014, 2:00 PM

Post #25 of 30 (1623 views)
Re: Fuel Problems Sign In

Relay should look like this.......
Pic>>

^^ Was there.


It's on the fender probably under a plastic cover under the hood. If OE probably has the green skirt still aftermarkets won't and OE ones do not fit each other on this type. Aftermarket ones do.


Not sure if it has power all the time with key off but might or crossed up somewhere but shouldn't stay putting power to fuel pump at all when enough pressure is built up or never mind when key is off!


I could actually go check on this type to plain see if they have power when key off but don't feel like it right now.


Note - if this type and that's what shows you push the bail to remove it not lift up. Most break anyway and still work just fine. Also most that fail plain don't work and no fuel pump empowered at all.


Those on the cars anyway are all the same for at least A/C and others in and or under where they are. If stuck for parts take the A/C one, if OE you need to cut the bottom plastic off which makes it only fit the socket for that and not fuel pump relay and then you'll need both if that worked as it would wreck the A/C relay for water proofing.


Pricey suckers still for what they are. Aftermarket ones fit assorted items in same area with a skirt without being dedicated to one item only as OE did.


Better than all that is to test it. If mounted like the cars just bend it up to gain access a bit, whack the correct one and it might quit. Toss those if that changes it and test for power present all the time which would surprise me but can't verify.


Oh - The A/C relay if OE was black with gray skirt (I think) and should have one of the wires to it is black with yellow stripe same as you'll find at the aluminum accumulator's pressure switch.


Is this messing you all up for the day? It matters as if fuel pump is just staying on now you can't let it parts or not or any one day fix. disconnect battery if need be,


T







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